Molecular identification of tick-borne hemoparasites in equines from Northwestern Colombia.
Agudelo Ruiz, Yeison | 2019-09-26
Equine granulocytic anaplasmosis (EGA) and equine piroplasmosis (EP) are sidesases tramsitted by ticks, and affects equines in several places worldwide (1,2). EGA is caused by Anaplasma phagocytophilum, a bacteria of the Anaplasmataceae family, comprised by 4 genuses: Ehrlichia, Anaplasma, Wolbachia and Neorickettsia.all of them are obligate intracellular bacteria that replicate in small vacuoles derived from the host cell membrane. Each species may replicate inside vertebrate hosts, with the exception of Wolbachia, which has not been reported infecting mammals. Vectors for each species have been well studied, generally ticks or trematodes; however, the study of Wolbachia has not been clear due to the wide variety of invertebrate hosts where it has been found (3).